Papers and Workshops

Friday 11th Feb 2.00 – 3.30 pm

A: Waka Oranga Presentation. Toni Shepherd and Wiremu Woodard

NOT home is sometimes when we start.
The colonisation of ‘home’ – Aotearoa, New Zealand is motivated by the acquisition of land and natural resources. As more land is acquired indigenous peoples are driven further from a symbiotic relationship with the ‘home-land’, an indigenous worldview and ultimately their ‘selves’. The consequences of these disruptions have profound psychological effects.

This workshop will be exploring the idea that ‘home’ is a social construct that reflects the reality of the dominant group. As indigenous peoples our idea of ‘home’ is repudiated and subjugated resulting in dislocation, marginalisation and discrimination with the intention of maintaining the dominant cultural

Weaving through concepts of Indigenous parenting, decolonisation, tangata whenua, state housing, raupatu, premature babies, Maungapohatu and spirituality we arrive at how we as health practitioners can unlock our therapeutic paradigm. The essential inclusion of historical, socio-political and environmental elements opens us to the possibility of clearly seeing indigenous psychological issues in their whole context rather than locating dysfunction within the indigenous person.

Wiremu Woodard and Toni Shepherd are parents of four tamariki. As indigenous community therapists and activists they work with the effects of colonisation on indigenous peoples, working towards reducing health disparities and social inequality. Wiremu currently works in a community practice (Kereru Psychotherapy Services) and lectures on the psychotherapy programme at A.U.T. Toni also works at Kereru and on the Consult Liaison Psychiatry Team at Starship Children’s Hospital. They are founding members of Waka Oranga a
group of indigenous health practitioners concerned with emancipatory freedom.

B: Sarah Calvert

Reading What is Not Said: using relational analytic ideas to research resilience, capacity and connections.
This paper discusses the use of psycho-anayltic and psycho-dynamic ideas in doing research. In particular it will focus on research with a group of adolescents who were subjects in a longitudinal study of adolescent connection and developmental pathways. Building on previous work by the same authors, psycho-analytic ideas were used both to develop aspects of the research methodology and the ‘reading’ of the DATA collected.

48 young people (aged between 10-17) were participants in a three year study of their sense of connection and how this impacted on their view of themselves and their general development and move into adulthood. The young people participated in a larger scale (2,000 participants) survey (accessed by computer) each year, as well as being interviewed, using a semi structured interview, which was informed by analytic ideas about the development of the ‘self’. A ‘Digital Story’ was produced each year, which allowed them to show something of the way they viewed themselves.

Sarah Calvert is a Clinical Psychologist and Psychotherapist in Private Practice in Auckland, as well as working as a consultant researcher. She has been a member of NZAP for 20 years. In her other life she has been a life long feminist with an interest in feminist ways of thinking.

C: Mark Coen, MSW, CAMHS

The Attachment Continuum from Child to Adult: How Childhood Trauma Impacts Future Relationships and Behaviour
We are adventurers by nature, exploring new possibilities, job opportunities, and taking healthy life risks. We cannot challenge ourselves, however if our foundation is not secure. A secure foundation is built at home in the first year of life. As babies, our primary need is safety and security, and we rely on our mothers to provide this. If we lose trust that we can be kept safe, we interpret the world as a dangerous place and become entrenched in survival mode. This lecture will discuss the symptoms of attachment disruption and how to restore faith in children and adults that the world can once again be a safe place for them.

Mark is a founder of the Attachment and Trauma Specialists, an internationally recognized agency specializing in the treatment of youth and adults with attachment and trauma related issues. Mark has worked with foster, adopted and at-risk youth for over 22 years; much of this time involved working with severely neglected and abused children in various group homes and residential facilities. Mark has also worked for the Washington State Department of Children and Family Services as a Child Protective Services (CPS) and Child Welfare Services (CWS) social worker.

Mark and his wife Monica are adoptive parents of a child from the foster care system who is now 20, and fully appreciate the difficulties and rewards of raising a child from an unstable background.

D: Ferrell Irvine, MS

When home is behind bars
After ten plus year’s working in the women’s prison, I want to explore with you the impacts of dysfunctional attachment experiences, addiction, and sexual abuse on women in prison. Statistics indicate that 75% of the women in prison have been sexually abused, and most have serious attachment issues. Much of the drug and alcohol use is related to self- medication of PTSD specifically, as well as the pain, fear and anger associated with their upbringing.

I want to engage the audience in the experiences of the women concerned and talk about ways I have been working with them.

Ferrell has been practicing psychotherapy for 39 years. He has been working in the women’s prison for 10+ years, in both the rehabilitation unit and as an ACC counsellor. While in the USA, he had many years of post graduate training in supervision, addiction, and trauma recovery. He has been a member of NZAP since the early 1990’s.

Friday 11th February 4.00 – 5.00 pm

A: Keith Tudor

‘A lifetime burning in every moment’: Strangeness and complication in neopsychic functioning

Home is where one starts from. As we grow older
The world becomes stranger, the pattern more
Of dead and living. Not the intense moment
Isolated, with no before and after,
But a lifetime burning in every moment
T. S. Eliot
East Coker, Four Quartets

Winnicott took the title of his book Home Is Where One Starts From (Winnicott, 1986) from the poem ‘East Coker’ by T. S. Eliot. Taking inspiration from another line in the same poem, and developing his previous work on the neopsyche (Tudor, 2003), and on personality integration (Tudor, in press), this paper considers the implications of viewing the neopsyche as a construct which represents a present ‘home’. Neopsychic functioning not only integrates the past and ideas about the future, but also is crucial our ability and capacity to process the strangeness of the world and the complications of life’s patterns.

Keith Tudor, PhD, CQSW, Dip. Psychotherapy, CTA (P), TSTA(P).
Keith is a transactional analyst, and Associate Professor of Psychotherapy at AUT University where he is Programme Leader for the Graduate Diploma in Psychotherapy Studies, and the Masters in Psychotherapy. He has a small, private practice in West Auckland.

B: Isabella Cooper

Coming Home to the Self – A Map of Emotions
Q: “How do we come home” to ourselves and live our lives fully and peacefully, when demands, distractions and life’s challenges continue to waylay us and trip us up, no matter how organised and resilient we may be?
A: We can refer to a map of emotions.

Emotions can be chaotic, confusing and potentially troublesome, seemingly without meaning or value, especially for clients in psychotherapy. Yet, as we know, emotions play a vital role in redirecting sufferers towards well-being and equilibrium. I will share the map I have created while dealing with injury and bereavement in recent years. I will invite participants to consider love, fear, anger, envy and grief as “pathways” to the authentic self and I will discuss the map’s potential as a therapeutic tool for clients recovering from early trauma.

Isabella is a semi- retired member of NZAP living in rural Canterbury.

C: Margaret Bannister

Austerlitz and his Author: Exile and the Psyche
This paper explores the impact of exile based on the book Austerlitz by W. G. Sebald. Both the author and his protagonist experienced separation from their homeland, as a result, directly or indirectly, of WW2. The paper seeks to demonstrate not only the possible emotional, behavioural and neurophysiological effects, upon the fictional character, but also something of the way that the author demonstrates his experience in his writing style, and preoccupations. I acknowledge my own experience of wartime evacuation in the energy I bring to this paper, and something of it’s impact on my own development as a therapist and human being! Brief illustrative excerpts from the book and Sebald’s writings, will be presented for those who have not read the book to grasp the essence of the story and background to this paper.

Margaret was born in London in 1938, evacuated with her sisters in 1940 and returned to London in 1945. She achieved a Botany degree in 1960 and taught science in Scotland and New Zealand until 1984. Margaret was Director of Marriage Guidance, 1984-1989, and Executive Director at Willowcroft residential addiction treatment home for mothers with young children, 1986-1988. She completed Gestalt training in 1993 and was a faculty member 1994-2000. Margaret is a member of NZAP, and has worked in private practice with interests in object relations, psychoanalysis, attachment theory and latterly neurobiology. In semi-retirement, she has welcomed the opportunity to explore her life-long passion, English literature.

D: Diane Zwimpfer

No Home to Start From
Through the theoretical lens of Ogden, Tustin, Bick and Mitrani, this paper describes autistic defences as seen in the clinical room. Autistic defences arise from the experience of having no home to start from, no conception of a space into which anything can be put.

Diane has been in private practice as an adult psychotherapist in Wellington for over 20 years.

Saturday, 12th February 10.45 -11.45 pm

A: Susan Alldred Lugton

My paper will explore the idea of a “reliable internal home” with further discussion as to how this is juxtaposed with a reliable enough external world, and, at the macro level, our planet earth.

Rather than predominantly use words such as “loving”, “good enough”, or “securely attached” etc. I have decided to explore the concept of “reliable” and how this may be more useful for patients to use, rather than the various technical terms that have been developed within most forms of psychoanalytic psychotherapy and other psychotherapies. The words “love” or “good” seem to be unable to be defined in ways that have meaning for the wide range of patients who come to see us, even to us, the psychotherapists.

I will also be discussing my own experience as I return to New Zealand and Dunedin, where I was a born and lived until I was two before moving to Wales for four years and then returning again to Dunedin. I left again when I was twenty-two and here I am back again after many years of struggling to find myself, my own home I will link my ideas to the clinical material from a patient with Borderline/Narcissistic traits who I saw for nine years three times a week.

Susan is a psychoanalytic psychotherapist and psychologist in private practice in Nelson. She recently returned from Sydney where she undertook further training in early childhood abuse and trauma. She originally completed her psychotherapy training and first analysis in Melbourne.

B: Chantal Degril

Home, not alone
From a lacanian perspective, home includes not only others, but an Other, who has two faces. On the one hand the other is my counter part, my own image, I understand him and I suppose he understands me. We mirror each other. On the other hand, there is the Other as strange and stranger to me, unpredictable and incomprehensible, who offers no guarantee of safety.

What does the Other want of me, in good or in bad? This is the Freudian question, the one at the heart of myself, at the same time intimate and strange, “Unheimlish”, un-homely. This paper will explore the theme of un-homeliness taking as example the child, whose prematurity predisposes him to incomprehension and trauma. Of course, a good enough home is at the heart of a good start in life, however no other can prevent the occurrence of symptoms that re-present the Other, the incomprehensible in me. A case of childhood phobia will be discussed in that context.

Chantal Degril is a member of NZAP, a psychoanalyst member of the Australian Centre for Psychoanalysis and of the Centre for Lacanian Analysis. She has presented psychoanalytic papers both in New Zealand and overseas. She works in private practice in Central Otago.

C: Jennifer De Leon

Home and Relinquishment
I offer a performative paper: a performance (dance) and brief paper. The idea is presented that home (coming home/being at home/home-sickness/home is from where we start) and relinquishment are intrinsically linked and that without recognition and embrace of the latter, the concept “home” cannot be fully known.

The dancework expresses a metaphor: home as my centre, my foundation, my springboard. In laying myself bare to this experience of myself dancing “home” – not projecting myself into it, but exposing myself to it, thus to “receive myself enlarged by the appropriation of the proposed worlds which my interpretation unfolds”, I obtain new understanding of it. I reveal that home becomes not something that I do anything about, but it is a life of its own: given to me: I am participant. Participatory: yet my will is relinquished. In relinquishment I “receive myself enlarged” – necessary if I am to enter into/appropriate the proposed worlds of unfolding interpretation.

Jennifer is a psychotherapist and Dance Movement Therapist, trained in the UK and USA. Also choreographer, performer, registered dance teacher (NZADT), Director of POYEMA Dance Company. She is a member of NZAP and AADT, and holds a Masters Degree in Health Science.

D: A. Roy Bowden

Time to Work from Home
Time to work from home Psychotherapists in Aotearoa enhance the lives of many people by drawing on theory and practice built in countries with a long history of professional wisdom. For many clients in New Zealand these processes are often built around an unfamiliar world view. This paper proposes we revisit psychotherapeutic theory and add concepts which reflect life in this country. It may mean being less dependent on analysis, diagnosis, categorisation and definition. At present there is a danger we will define psychotherapy narrowly by establishing boundaries around practice that are less creative and more elitist.

New Zealand psychotherapists could lay claim to an ethos which reaches beyond modality based networks by promoting the unique contribution each practitioner makes and an increased awareness of holistic reasons for distress. This would include more focus on bi cultural and multicultural knowledge honouring the changes in our society. It may mean reconsidering ideas pertaining to the training and accreditation of therapists. NZAP also has the potential to establish more effective networks which reduce the need for territorial debates amongst the professions. This paper presents a wider theoretical stance and calls for psychotherapists to build a reputation for innovative ‘home based’ practice which reflects our coming of age in this millennium.

A. Roy Bowden is a former president of NZAP and in 1999 was appointed as the Aotearoa – New Zealand representative on the World Council for Psychotherapy. He has been a keynote speaker at World Conference events where he has highlighted pathways to make psychotherapy relevant in different cultural settings. His work has been published in New Zealand and overseas. Roy has been a senior university lecturer, head of school for counselling degree programmes at a Wellington tertiary institute and is a consultant to mental health and voluntary agencies. Since 2003 he has been a co- director of Mana Consultancy in Plimmerton where he practises as a couples counsellor, supervisor and trainer.